Crop report

Manitoba

Favourable weather allowed for good harvest progress.

Harvest of spring cereals is estimated at more than 90 percent complete. Canola is about 85 percent complete, flax 65 percent, edible beans 70 percent, soybeans 60 to 65 percent, sunflowers 45 percent and grain corn about five percent complete.

Winter wheat is emerging with excellent germination.

Fall field work is on going.

SOUTHWEST

Above normal temperatures with no rain and several mornings of frost occurred.

Good harvest progress was made. Cereal harvest is estimated at 80 to 85 percent complete. Minimal acres of oats have been harvested. Quality loss is noted in most spring wheat samples.

Canola harvest is about 75 percent complete. There have been no significant issues with green seed. Average yields are reported.

Most soybeans have reached maturity. About 40 percent of soybeans are harvested.

Sunflower and grain corn are nearly mature with no reports of harvesting.

Topsoil moisture conditions are rated fair to dry. Most of the second cut of alfalfa is being harvested. Silage operations in barley and corn are ongoing with average yields reported.

NORTHWEST

Cooler conditions and snow occurred in the beginning of the week, but warm weather returned and allowed some producers to complete harvest. Farmers who are challenged by wet field conditions need a few more weeks of good weather.

The wheat harvest is about 95 percent complete. Reported wheat yields are 40 to 70 bushels per acre of average quality grain.

Roughly 90 percent of the canola crop is swathed and 60 to 100 percent is combined. Yields range from 35 bu. per acre to 50 bu. per acre.

Harvest of soybean and flax acres is well underway. Field pea harvest is generally complete with an average yield of 40 bu. per acre.

Green feed harvest is continuing. All haying operations are nearly complete with little native hay harvested

CENTRAL

Good weather conditions have allowed producers to make reasonable harvest progress. It is reported to be 85 percent or more complete.

A few cereal fields still need to be harvested. Sprouting, mildew, fusarium and ergot have affected crops. Yields are above average.

Most canola is harvested. Yields are reported to be 40 to 45 bu. per acre and higher.

Soybean harvest continued, and yields are reported to be 25 to 55 bu. Some green beans are evident in harvest samples.

Edible bean harvest continued and is close to complete. Yield and quality are good. Some sunflowers are harvested. Early grain corn harvest has started with yield reports of 100 to 140 bu. Silage corn harvest continues and is close to complete.

Fall field work is progressing. Early soil test reports indicate low nitrate levels and declining phosphorus levels.

Pasture production is slow with some supplemental feeding taking place.

EASTERN

Rainfall of one to six millimetres caused harvest progress to be sporadic, However, progress increased toward the end of the week, and producers hoped to make significant harvest progress.

Spring wheat yields are reported to be 60 to 80 bu. per acre. Oat yields are more than 100 bu. per acre.

Canola made the slowest progress because of damp swaths. Yields are 30 to 50 bu. per acre.

The soybean harvest is nearly complete. Yields are reported to be 25 to 45 bu. per acre.

Corn has yet to be harvested, but is progressing. Sunflowers are in the R9 mature stage.

Winter wheat fields are in the two to three leaf stage. Pastures are still doing well. Winter feed stocks are rated as adequate with 20 percent surplus.

INTERLAKE

Warmer weather and drier temperatures occurred late in the week to Oct. 10. Scattered showers resulted in up to eight mm of rain.

Harvest continued and is estimated to be roughly 80 percent complete.

Spring wheat fields have not been harvested throughout the region. Canola fields are still being harvested with trace amounts remaining.

The soybean harvest is underway with good yields and moisture reported. Corn is not ready for harvest because of high moisture levels. Alfalfa seed harvest is ongoing.

Some fields in the north have to wait for the frost to settle into the soil to continue harvest.

Pasture conditions are fair. Some producers have to supplement feed their livestock.

Saskatchewan

Warm, dry weather helped producers make significant harvest progress.

About 90 percent of the crop is combined. Eight percent is swathed or ready to be straight-cut.

Harvest is furthest advanced in the northern region, where about 95 percent of the crop is combined.

Many producers have finished harvest operations, while others need at least another week of warmer weather.

About 95 percent of lentils, 95 percent of mustard, 92 percent of canola, 90 percent of durum and barley and 90 percent of spring wheat have been combined.

The Kindersley area reported 12 mm of rain over the weekend.

Topsoil moisture conditions on cropland are rated 83 percent adequate. Hayland and pasture topsoil moisture is rated 82 percent adequate.

High levels of fusarium head blight are being reported in many areas.

Adequate amounts of hay, straw, green feed and feed grain have been reported.

SOUTH

About 90 percent of the crop is now in the bin, which is on par with the five-year average for this time of year.

Some producers are wrapping up harvest while others need at least another week of warm weather.

Little rain occurred, although the Cabri area reported three mm.

Topsoil moisture conditions are rated 71 to 91 percent adequate. Hayland and pasture moisture is rated at 85 to 89 percent adequate.

Combine fires have been reported in some areas along with stuck equipment in wet fields.

Excess moisture, frost and other disease have caused quality issues.

Producers indicated they have adequate to surplus supplies of hay, straw, green feed and feed grain for their winter-feeding needs.

CENTRAL

Harvest is quickly advancing thanks to the weather.

About 90 percent of the crop is combined, while an additional 15 percent is swathed or ready to be straight-cut. The five-year average for this time of year is 90 percent.

The region received little rainfall, although the Kindersley area reported 12 mm.

Topsoil moisture conditions on cropland are rated at 80 to 86 percent adequate. Hayland and pasture topsoil moisture is rated at 80 percent adequate.

There have been several reports of grass and combine fires, while other parts of the region have wet fields where equipment has become stuck.

Quality remains an issue. High levels of fusarium have been reported. Frost and moisture have also caused issues.

The majority of livestock producers indicated they have adequate to surplus supplies of hay, straw, green feed and feed grain.

NORTH

Harvest is about 95 percent complete in the region, making it the highest in the province. This well exceeds the five-year average. Many producers have completed harvest and others will soon as warm weather continues.

The Star City area reported three mm of rain.

Topsoil conditions on cropland are rated at 76 to 96 percent adequate. Hayland and pasture topsoil moisture is rated at 64 to 96 percent adequate.

High disease levels are causing quality concerns in much of the cereals. Some crops that were green when frost struck a few weeks ago may not be combined.

Livestock producers indicated adequate to surplus supplies of hay, straw, green feed and feed gain.

Alberta

South

Harvest will soon be wrapped up thanks to the continued warm, dry weather. Almost all cereals are in the bin and about all the swathing is complete.

Canola, spring wheat and barley are almost completed.

Most fall-seeded crops are rated good to excellent and about half the pastures are good to excellent.

Surface soil moisture conditions are rated at about 55 percent good to excellent, which is down from last week, while sub-surface soil moisture is rated as 63 percent good to excellent.

Central

Warm and dry conditions have harvest in full swing with more than 85 percent of the crop in the bin and less than 10 percent of the remaining crop swathed.

Less than five percent of canola is standing and less than 10 percent is yet to be swathed. About five percent of spring wheat is still standing and most barley is harvested.

Almost all of the fall seeded crops are rated good to excellent. Slightly more than half of pastures are rated in good to excellent condition.

Surface soil moisture conditions have decrease almost 10 percent and are rated at about 65 percent good to excellent, while sub-surface ratings have improved and are rated as 70 percent good to excellent.

Northeast

Almost all the crop is in the bin and less than five percent remains in swath. Nearly all canola is harvested with about seven percent left in swath. Little spring wheat is still standing and almost all barley is harvested.

Fall seeded crops are rated about 95 percent good to excellent. Pasture conditions have improved slightly and are rated about 45 percent good to excellent.

There’s been more than a 10 percent decline in surface soil moisture conditions and are now rated at about 68 percent good to excellent. Sub-surface soil moisture conditions are also down and rated as 72 percent good to excellent.

Northwest

Warm, dry weather has helped get almost 90 percent of cereals in the bin with less than 10 percent remaining in swath. About 85 percent of canola is harvested and 15 percent in the swath.

Less than 10 percent of spring wheat is standing and almost all the barley is harvested.

Fall seeded crops are rated in fair condition.

Pasture conditions are relatively unmoved from last week with less than half rated as poor and fair.

Surface soil moisture conditions have significantly declined and now rated as about 56 percent good to excellent. Sub-surface soil moisture conditions are also down and rated as 36 percent good to excellent.

Peace River

Cool and damp weather has continued to delay harvest. More than 90 percent of cereals are in the bin while five percent is in swath.

More than 90 percent of canola is harvested and seven percent is remaining in swath. About five percent of spring wheat is standing and more than 90 percent of barley is completed.

Almost half of fall-seeded crops are rated good to excellent, while pasture conditions are rated about 40 percent good to excellent.

Surface and sub-surface soil moisture conditions have improved and about half are rated good to excellent.

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