Canada challenges China at WTO

OTTAWA (Reuters) — Canada, locked in a major dispute with Beijing, is taking the first formal step at the World Trade Organization to challenge China’s decision to block Canadian canola exports, Trade Minister Jim Carr said Sept. 6.

China, angry at Canada’s detention of a top Huawei Technologies Co. executive last year on a United States arrest warrant, blocked all imports of canola seed in March on the grounds they contained pests.

“We have continuously been engaging with China at multiple levels. The issue is that we’re not seeing progress fast enough and as we would with any trading partner, this is the next step,” Carr spokesperson Michael Jones said.

Carr said in a statement that Ottawa was seeking bilateral consultations with China at the WTO. Under WTO rules, Canada and China should meet within 30 days, and if these talks fail, Canada can request adjudication by a panel.

The WTO timeline means there is no chance of a resolution before Canadians vote in a federal election on Oct 21.

Polls show Prime Minister Justin Trudeau’s Liberals face a tough fight against the opposition Conservatives, who have been pressing for action at the WTO for months.

In 2018, Canada exported $2.7 billion worth of canola seed to China, a market that accounted for approximately 40 percent of all Canadian canola exports.

Canadian canola stockpiles surged to an all-time high this summer amid slumping sales to China.

“We’re disappointed that this action needed to be taken, but it is a necessary step,” said Jim Everson, president of the Canola Council of Canada.

In May, Ottawa extended a federal loan program to offer more financial assistance to canola farmers. China has also blocked imports of Canadian pork and beef.

John Guelly, chair of the Alberta Canola Producers Commission, said the WTO move was “definitely something we’ve been asking for for some time.”

Normally at this time of year, Guelly has sold up to one-third of his new harvest through contracts for forward delivery. This year, he has sold none of it.

Carr made his announcement a day after Foreign Minister Chrystia Freeland said both Canada and China had formally approved each other’s choice of new ambassadors.

China, which insists Ottawa release the Huawei executive, has also arrested two Canadian men and charged them with spying.

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