Poor farmers bear heavy burden from increased frequency of natural disasters

ROME, Italy (Thomson Reuters Foundation) — Economic losses caused by natural disasters have tripled over the past decade, with farmers bearing nearly a quarter of the burden in poor countries, says a United Nations study.

Floods, droughts, storms and other natural disasters cost the agricultural sector in developing countries US$70 billion in damages between 2003 and 2013, said the study by the Food and Agriculture Organization.

Asia was the worst affected region with $28 billion in losses, followed by Africa’s $26 billion, said the study, which analyzed data from 78 disasters in 48 developing countries.

The new study showed that agriculture shouldered 22 percent of the total losses, leading FAO officials to call for more support for farmers in the face of crisis. Only 4.5 percent of post-disaster humanitarian aid between 2003 and 2013 targeted agriculture, the study said.

Globally, 2.5 billion people make a living from agriculture. Small-scale farmers, herders and fishing communities are particularly vulnerable to disasters.

Countries need to “enhance preparedness to respond quickly when disasters occur” to protect farmers, FAO director-general José Graziano da Silva said.

A cyclone tore through the South Pacific island nation of Vanuatu March 14-15, causing widespread destruction in a country ranked as the most vulnerable to natural disasters.

Many observers link the rising rate and intensity of the losses stemming from natural disasters to climate change.

Early warning systems, better food production techniques and better information gathering to identify and respond to disasters could help reduce the burden these crises put on farmers, the study said.


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