In domestic barns, the group is more unstable. They live in a limited space with strangers and they are constrained, which can lead to frustration and aggression as they struggle to sort out a pecking order.
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Social strategy needed in open sow housing systems

RED DEER — Sows moved into open-housing systems can sometimes start fighting for food and territory. In the wild, they live as family groups called sounders where there is less aggression because they know each other. In domestic barns, the group is more unstable. They live in a limited space with strangers and they are […] Read more

Becky and Dwayne Perry own and operate Perryhill Farms at Havelock, New Brunswick. They have recently installed robotic milkers and have already seen an improvement in cow productivity.  |  Barbara Duckworth photo

Sixth generation manages this N.B. farm

Becky and Dwayne Perry have recently modernized their dairy and now incorporate a strategic cropping plan

HAVELOCK, N.B. — Six generations of the Perry family have farmed in eastern New Brunswick. Dwayne and Becky Perry are the newest generation and have developed a modern dairy recognized for environmental sustainability and adoption of new technology. Full-time farmers and the parents of three children aged eight to 11, they split duties. Becky handles […] Read more

Firm undertone to Prairie feed grain market

Winnipeg,(MarketsFarm) – Solid demand from cattle feeders and ongoing logistic issues across the Canadian Prairies should keep a firm undertone in the feed grain market for the time being, according to an Alberta broker. “The feed market has definitely moved higher,” said Brandon Motz, of CorNine Commodities in Lacombe, Alberta, adding “demand is strong through […] Read more


Eastern Canada has hay trade opportunities

MONCTON, N.B. — Forage producers in Eastern Canada might be well positioned to export hay to the United States horse market. Freight rates coming out of Ontario and Quebec are competitive and hay can be shipped within two-day’s time to the southern tip of Florida, said Alex Christensen, president of Southeast Hay Distributors, based in […] Read more

Informed veterinary medicine requires support for science

Evidence-informed (also referred to as evidence-based) veterinary medicine is the concept of applying scientific evidence to the treatment of animals in our care. The concept was borrowed from human medicine in the early 2000s and has since generated considerable discussion, as well as inclusion in the curriculum of many veterinary schools. The idea of using […] Read more


Ben DiCostanzo, senior analyst with Walsh Trading in Chicago, expects nearby live cattle futures would attempt to trade above US$130 per hundredweight over the next few months. | File photo

Weekly Manitoba cattle report

Winnipeg, (MarketsFarm) – Manitoba cattle auctions were quiet over the Christmas and New Year holidays, but firmness in the United States futures markets could bode well for prices when activity resumes in the first sales of 2020. “I’m looking for a rally in the fats (butcher cattle) into about March,” said Ben DiCostanzo, senior analyst […] Read more

Although two more years of study will provide more information on whether rest periods benefit cattle in transport, early results call into question the requirement for rest stops in long-haul travel that are mandated in Canada’s new livestock transportation rules that are scheduled to go into effect Feb. 20.
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Study questions rest stop need

GATINEAU, Que. — Rest stops provided to calves amid 12-hour and 36-hour transport did not reduce fatigue, dehydration, stress or immune status, according to study results. Although two more years of study will provide more information on whether rest periods benefit cattle in transport, early results call into question the requirement for rest stops in […] Read more

The Nappan Research Centre studies livestock management and forage. A herd of about 100 British type cows are maintained on the farm. Here they are grazing a crop mixture in mid November.  |  Barbara Duckworth photo

Nova Scotia research centre focuses on grazing

Projects include planting forages from across North America to test different varieties in a number of growing conditions

NAPPAN, N.S. — One of Canada’s oldest research farms is rejuvenating the art of grazing. Agriculture Canada’s Nappan Research Centre in Nova Scotia is one of the original five Dominion Experimental Farms established in 1887. It is the only federal livestock research centre in Eastern Canada working on improving livestock management and forage production. The […] Read more


A parentage test based on measurements of genetic variation in Canadian bison should be available in the next year at a cost of about $25.  |  Randy Vanderveen photo

Bison study sheds light on cattle introgression

A company fine-tunes genomic tests for parentage, cattle introgression and differentiation of Plains and Wood subspecies

A company working on genomic tools for bison found cattle DNA introgression of between zero and 4.5 percent in its test project. Introgression means the transfer of genes by the repeated backcrossing of a hybrid with one of its parent species, but the general manager of NeoGen Canada cautioned that in this case that’s not […] Read more

Parks Canada identified bison diseases as an area to work on after concerns about the future of Wood Buffalo National Park’s status as a UNESCO Heritage Site. The department wanted to look at cumulative impacts on the park, and brucellosis and TB in bison were targeted for more research. | File photo

Researchers look for new tools to diagnose TB in bison

A study beginning in January at the University of Saskatchewan’s Livestock and Forage Centre of Excellence will work toward better diagnostics and a vaccine for tuberculosis in bison. Dr. Todd Shury, wildlife veterinarian with Parks Canada, said the official caudal fold test under the animal’s tail is typically used, especially when they are exported, but […] Read more