Wrong wheat numbers
Because there’s no Canadian Wheat Board, Canada’s wheat prices are the worst they’ve been in 100 years.
That’s the argument in National Farmers Union board member Edward Sagan’s letter “Lament Loss of CWB,” in the Nov. 9 Western Producer.
As a trained economist, respected grain markets analyst, and a member of a Saskatchewan family who’s grown wheat for more than 100 years, I disagree completely and find Sagan’s argument is incredibly misleading.
I’ll assume that the 11 percent protein wheat Sagan is selling for $4.23 per bu. is CPS wheat. He claims that the export price for this wheat is $9.44 per bu. out of Vancouver.
The spot price for 11.5 percent protein CPS wheat around Melville, Sask., where Sagan farms, is $4.50 per bu. According to the Saskatchewan Wheat Development Commission’s website, the West Coast port price for that same CPS, 11.5 percent protein wheat is $6.80, not $9.44 like Sagan suggests.
In fact, Sagan seems to be referring to the West Coast port price of Canadian Hard Red Spring Wheat, valued at the exact same $9.44 per bu. That wheat is sold on a 13.5 percent protein basis though. Not 11 percent, like Sagan’s wheat. Quite misleading.
Further, the spot price for CWRS wheat around Melville is closer to $6.90, or about 73 percent of the port price. Sagan claims the Canadian farmer is getting just 40 percent. Again, misleading.
Comparing prices of two different types of wheat isn’t as bad though as comparing them to six years ago.
In 2012, global wheat production was 659 million tonnes and prices were good. That year was the lowest output since record wheat prices of 2008.
Since then, global wheat production has grown by an average of nearly three percent per year. Each year we’ve seen a new record, including last year’s 754 million tonnes.
Only this year, in 2017-18, has the pace slowed, to 751 million.
Moreover, global wheat supplies by the end of 2017-18 will be more than 268 million tonnes.
Doing some “Sagan Math”, that’s a 51 percent hike from his cherry-picked benchmark of six years ago.
Sagan is correct on one thing: wheat production margins for Canadian farmers have declined substantially in the last six years.
However, he needs to check his math before thanking the government for lower prices; the blame falls on his fellow wheat farmers around the world.
President & CEO
Water data needed
Re: Manitoba hog barn moratorium inches toward elimination, (WP, Nov. 2, 2017).
Unfortunately, reporter Ed White did not reach out to the Lake Winnipeg Foundation for comment before his article on Bill 24 went to press. We would have been happy to provide the following clarifications.
White acknowledges LWF’s concern that “not enough about hog manure and water pollution is known to justify lifting the restrictions.”
He then adds: “However, (LWF) did not provide evidence that the hog industry is a significant cause of the lake’s problems.”
We did not provide evidence because none exists. Indeed, this is exactly our concern.
Currently, no one knows how much phosphorus Manitoba’s hog industry is contributing to Lake Winnipeg.
This is because no one is actually measuring phosphorus runoff from manure spread fields. There is currently no water-quality monitoring program designed to evaluate the effectiveness of manure-management plans at preventing phosphorus losses into provincial waterways.
Instead, we’re left to guess about the hog industry’s impact on water quality in Manitoba.
Don Flaten, an esteemed local soil scientist, has previously estimated that hog manure contributes less than one percent of the phosphorus that reaches Lake Winnipeg.
This estimate has since been quoted extensively (including by White in his article).
But Flaten’s estimate is just that: a rough estimate based on substantial assumptions — not based on up-to-date, real-world water-quality data.
We need to do better than a rough estimate if we’re actually serious about building a sustainable hog industry in Manitoba.
Flaten also presented on Bill 24 to the Standing Committee on Legislative Affairs.
He noted: “Sustainable nutrient management requires careful use of all forms of nutrients, were they in the form of municipal waste water, livestock manures, synthetic fertilizers and whether those nutrients come from a city, town, cottage, livestock farm or grain farm. We need a comprehensive set of policies based on scientifically sound principles.”
We agree whole-heartedly. Nutrients from all sources need to be carefully managed based on sound scientific evidence — and, where that evidence is lacking, every effort must be made to address the data deficit.
Collecting robust water-quality data about Manitoba’s hog industry is not a hindrance or a hurdle to overcome.
It is a necessary condition to building a sustainable hog industry in our province.
Lake Winnipeg Foundation
Weather still rules
The Western Producer Oct. 12, issue regarding “The Problems of Plenty” I regard as the most informative issue ever.
Yes, modern genetics, agronomy and stockpiling have contributed to huge world stockpiling. Our weather of wetness during nine of the past 10 years was also involved. The years 2011 and 2017 were very dry, however carryover of pervious wet years has helped create abundant yields.
I just have to wonder what will occur to the world stockpile if the “drought” continues for additional years. Even with the stockpile, which is part of the reason for stalled or falling grain prices, farmers are still removing every non-grain plant (grass lines and trees) plus ditching out dry slough or small lake areas. Definitely, stockpile requires more. Prices will fall.
Interesting that the world has such a huge amount of available grain getting larger and the world’s population is increasing, and yet the starving population increases for various reasons.
I began farming 45 years ago. Yields have increased. Not even doubled, expenses have been rising from five to 20 times the amounts then. Farmers rely on acre production.
I have had wheat yields range from zero (10 minute hailstorm) to 65 bushels an acre. Wage earners get an hourly pay with no regard for weather.
Both sectors have income protection devices. I just wonder how a wage earner would feel if a one-year income is destroyed by a 10 minute hai lstorm.
We have had a plethora of moist years. Weather, being as it is, will seriously swing totally in the opposite direction. That is drought. One year I put down the required nutrients, crop, and spray.
Weather conditions dictated a three-bushel-an acre wheat crop, which barely paid for the seed. A few years later, with all the same procedure on my part and a wonderful weather year, that same field yielded 65. Mother nature still rules the world.
Genetics and agronomy, I feel, do not work in a desert.
Delwyn J.J. Jansen