The Canadian Food Inspection Agency served notice that it began to enforce Section 106 (5) of the Health of Animals regulations as of May 2.
Since February 2014, trucks returning to Canada after hauling pigs to the United States were allowed to use a CFIA emergency protocol.
Rather than washing trucks in the U.S., it involved sealing trucks at the border and cleaning them in Canada at a truck wash certified to disinfect.
The Canadian hog industry said the emergency protocol helped keep porcine epidemic diarrhea virus out of Western Canada. Now that protocol has been cancelled.
Here is what the relevant section, now being enforced, requires:
- 106 (1) Every carrier shall clean and disinfect every railway car, aircraft or vessel that has been used for the transportation of poultry or livestock.
- (2) Repealed
- (3) An inspector may order a person in charge of a motor vehicle that has been used for the transportation of livestock to clean and disinfect, within a specified period of time, the motor vehicle at the nearest place where facilities for that purpose are available or at such other place as the inspector may specify.
- (4) Repealed
- (5) No person shall bring from a country other that the United States a conveyance that has been used to transport poultry, ruminants, equines or porcines unless it has been cleaned and disinfected.
- (5.1) No person shall bring from the United States a conveyance that has been used to transport poultry or porcines unless it has been cleaned and disinfected.
- (5.2) Subsection (5.1) does not apply to a conveyance
- that has transported Canadian porcines to a slaughtering establishment in the United States where inspection is provided by the Food Safety and Inspection Service of the United States Department of Agriculture and that has returned directly to Canada from that establishment;
- that has not transported porcines other than those mentioned in paragraph (a) while in the United States;
- that is not licensed to transport livestock between locations in the United States; and
- from which as much manure as could be removed with a shovel and broom at an ambient temperature of 20 C has, in fact, been removed.