Glyphosate lawsuits are multiplying in Canada.
At least 360 Canadians have contacted law firms, asking to join class action suits against Bayer and Monsanto.
This spring, Merchant Law Group filed the first class-action lawsuit in Canada. The lawsuit contends that exposure to glyphosate contributed to the cancer of a Saskatchewan farmer and the cancer of other Canadians participating in the class action.
Glyphosate is the active ingredient in Roundup, a Monsanto herbicide. Bayer purchased Monsanto in 2016. The deal was finalized in 2018.
In June and July, Diamond & Diamond Lawyers, a firm with offices in Ontario, Alberta and British Columbia, filed statement of claims against Bayer and Monsanto in those three provinces.
Diamond & Diamond held a news conference this week, to publicize its class action. It claims glyphosate was a factor in its clients getting cancer and its suing for $500 million in damages.
Tony Merchant, founder of Merchant Law Group, said Diamond & Diamond isn’t the only Canadian firm that has initiated class actions around the safety of glyphosate.
“After we launched, a whole bunch of law firms have gotten interested (in glyphosate),” he said from his Regina office.
Since May, when news of its lawsuit broke, dozens of people have emailed, phoned or contacted Merchant Law Group about the class action.
“We’ve had 291 contact us. That may not sound like a lot, but given they all have cancer, it’s a shockingly large number,” he said.
“This is predominantly a farmer group of people.”
The lead plaintiff for the Merchant lawsuit in Saskatchewan is Garry Gadd, a farmer from Moose Jaw who is in his early 60s. Gadd was diagnosed with non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma five years ago.
The majority of people who contacted Merchant Law Group have non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma. It’s a cancer of the body’s lymphatic system, which fights off disease.
“I’d say it’s 90 percent non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma,” Merchant said.
Merchant Law Group has filed statements of claim in every province from Quebec to British Columbia. A significant number are from the Prairies.
“A … disproportionate large percentage are in the three prairie provinces and a lot in the Peace River area. It’s clear they’re from farming communities,” Merchant said.
Diamond & Diamond Lawyers has about 70 people in its class action lawsuit.
The lead plaintiff in its case is Barry Miller, who is 76 and lives in Edmonton. He has leukemia. He used glyphosate on his farm and properties that he owned in Alberta and B.C., the statement of claim says.
The co-plaintiff in Alberta is Thomas Penner, who is 35 and lives in Lethbridge. He comes from a farm family and worked on the farm. He was diagnosed with non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma when he was 30.
Of the 70 or so participants in the case, 17 are from Alberta, said Basil Bansal, a Diamond & Diamond lawyer in Edmonton.
“Most of (them) are from rural areas,” he said.
The Diamond and Diamond lawsuit is not just for people who developed cancer and believe glyphosate exposure is to blame. Family members of people who died from cancer can also participate in the class action.
At this point the lawsuits are proposed class actions. They cannot proceed until a judge certifies the cases. The purpose of certification is to ensure that the case is appropriate for a class action.
“We could be going forward in any province, but we think we will get to certification first in Saskatchewan,” Merchant said.
“We think we’ll get to certification maybe in the late spring or likely in the early fall.”
It’s difficult to estimate when the Diamond & Diamond case will be certified, Bansal said.
Bayer maintains that glyphosate is safe and is not a carcinogen.
“While we have great sympathy for the plaintiffs, glyphosate-based herbicides are not the cause of their illnesses and we will vigorously defend our products,” Bayer said in an email.
“Glyphosate has been extensively studied globally by scientists and regulators, and results from this research confirm it is not carcinogenic.”
Health Canada, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and regulatory bodies around the world support that position.
The review confirmed Health Canada’s previous findings that glyphosate is safe.
“No pesticide regulatory authority in the world currently considers glyphosate to be a cancer risk to humans at the levels at which humans are currently exposed.”
The number of lawsuits in Canada related to the safety of glyphosate are small, when compared to the United States. Approximately 18,000 cases are before the courts in that country.