Crop report – June 23, 2016

MANITOBA

All major crops are responding well to higher temperatures and good moisture conditions, but some low-lying crops are experiencing moisture stress.

Some fungicide is being applied for leaf diseases, and there are reports of spraying for flea beetles and cutworm in later seeded fields.

Post-emergent herbicide applications continue with progress estimated at 60 to 70 percent complete.

NORTHWEST

Precipitation ranged from 12 to 75 millimetres, and soil moisture conditions are generally adequate.

Crop emergence is uniform, and most are progressing well.

Flea beetle activity has been minimal, but cutworms are at or above economic threshold levels in some canola, field peas and corn fields.

Most hayland and pastures look good, and dairy producers have started haying.

CENTRAL

Rainfall amounts varied from 18 to 50 millimetres, and standing water is a concern in some later seeded crops.

All major crops are rapidly emerging, but targeted re-seeding has occurred in patchy areas.

Herbicide treatments continue, but applications are challenging because of timing, rapid weed growth and field conditions.

Flea beetles are a concern in some later seeded canola, but insect pressures remain generally low to moderate.

EASTERN

Precipitation ranged from 13 to 75 millimetres, and some loss in yield potential is occurring.

Topsoil moisture conditions on most cropland and hayland are rated adequate.

Some unseeded acres will be summerfallowed or chemfallowed.

First-pass herbicide applications are mostly completed for spring cereals, canola, soybeans, field peas and corn.

Most of the first cut alfalfa has average yields and are being turned into silage.

INTERLAKE

Accumulated rainfall varied from five to 35 millimetres in some area, with some crops yellowing or drowned in low spots.

Herbicide spraying is about one-third complete.

Flea beetle pressure is high in some fields, but diamondback moth and bertha armyworm counts remain low.

Pasture conditions are above average for this time of year.

SASKATCHEWAN

SOUTHEAST

Seeding is completed and well ahead of the five year average of 84 percent.

Precipitation ranged from seven to 25 millimetres.

Topsoil moisture conditions for cropland, hayland and pastures have an average rating of 85 percent adequate.

SOUTHWEST

Seeding has wrapped up, and emerging crops average good to excellent condition, including the hay crop.

Rainfall amounts varied from three to 51 millimetres.

About 20 percent of pulses are ahead of normal development.

Topsoil moisture conditions for cropland, hayland and pastures have an average rating of 93 percent adequate.

EAST-CENTRAL

Seeding is complete, and the majority of crops are in good to excellent condition.

Precipitation amounts were as high as 39 millimetres, and wind slowed weed control.

Producers are seeing tan spot in cereals and root rots in pulses.

Thirty-four percent of fall cereals, 17 percent of spring cereals, 13 percent of oilseeds and 12 percent of peas are ahead of normal stages of development.

WEST-CENTRAL

Most seeding is complete.

Precipitation varied from trace amounts to 19 millimetres and helped boost crop growth, but high winds have delayed spraying operations.

Topsoil moisture for cropland are 80 percent adequate, while hayland and pastures are rated 63 percent adequate.

NORTHEAST

Seeding is completed, and crops are in good condition overall.

Precipitation ranged from trace amounts to 31 millimetres.

Nineteen percent of spring cereals, 15 percent of oilseeds and 22 percent of pulses are ahead of their normal stages of development.

Cutworms are causing some damage in canola fields, and there were a few reports of reseeding.

NORTHWEST

Seeding has wrapped up and crops are in good shape, although some canola and pea crops are showing stress because of lack of moisture.

Welcomed precipitation ranged from two to 21 millimetres, but many areas still need more water to advance crops, hay and pasture.

Cropland topsoil moisture is rated as 68 percent adequate, while hayland and pasture topsoil moisture is rated as 49 percent adequate.

Cutworms are causing damage in canola, and windy days have delayed weed control operations.

ALBERTA

SOUTH

Warm temperatures and about 20 millimetres of rain contributed to good crop advancement with most cereals in the elongation stage. Fall-seeded crops are in head emergence stage and about 68 percent of canola crops are four- to six-leaf/node stage.

Spraying is about 75 percent complete and about 75 percent of crops are in good to excellent condition.

Surface and sub-surface soil moisture is about 62 percent good or excellent and pastures are about 53 percent good or excellent.

CENTRAL

Warm, wet conditions helped crops mature with about 80 percent in good or excellent condition.

Sixty percent of spraying is complete.

Gophers are becoming a problem.

Surface and sub-surface and pasture soil moisture average 76 percent good to excellent.

NORTHEAST

Most spring seeded cereals are tillering, with canola in the one- to three-leaf leaf/node and dry peas in the four- to six-leaf/node stage.

Region received up to 50 millimetres of precipitation.

Wind slowed spraying operations with about 60 percent complete.

Surface and sub-surface are rated about 68 percent good to excellent, while almost all pastures and tame hay are good to excellent.

NORTHWEST

Cool, wet conditions slowed crop development and spraying with little more than half completed.

Almost all crops are in good to excellent condition but some have had to be reseeded because of cutworms.

Surface, sub-surface and pastures are rated about 65 percent good to excellent.

PEACE

Up to 50 millimetres of rainfall delayed spraying with about 75 percent complete.

About 70 percent of crops are in good to excellent condition, but canola is suffering from seedling diseases and insect damage in several areas with only 64 percent rated as good to excellent.

Surface soil surface is 84 percent good to excellent, sub-surface 72 percent good to excellent, and pastures and hay are 68 percent good to excellent.

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