Crop Report

Manitoba

Southwest

Planting is basically complete in the region, with the exception of a few areas near the U.S. border, which received excessive precipitation in May.

Flea beetles have reached economic thresholds on emerging canola crops, particularly fields damaged by a frost in early June.

First cut of alfalfa is underway. Yield estimates are slightly below average. Pastures are good.

Central

Many winter wheat fields have been reseeded, particularly in the western half of the region. Winter wheat failed to germinate because of dry conditions last fall.

The remaining winter cereal acres are improving thanks to warmer temperatures. Growers are reporting tan spot in spring wheat crops. The severity of leaf spot disease is more acute in fields that had wheat residue in recent years.

Northwest

Soil moisture in the region is adequate. Flea beetle activity has been fairly intense in a few regions, such as areas around Roblin. Diamondback moth and bertha armyworm counts are very low.

Aster leafhopper numbers are minimal. Haying expected to begin shortly.

Eastern

Cool soil temperatures delayed soybean emergence in May and early June. Plant stands in a number of fields have been reduced. Growers will have a better picture of crop stands later this month when they enter fields to estimate plant counts.

Sunflower acres are up slightly in the region. Growers have reported cutworm damage but no disease concerns so far.

Interlake

Soybean acres have doubled in the Arborg-Fisher Branch region. It’s estimated that soybeans have topped 40,000 acres, compared to 15,000 to 20,000 acres in 2012.

Canola acres are down. Excessive precipitation hammered the crop in recent years in the northern Interlake.

Soil moisture was adequate to below average in the middle of June. Rainfall and heat are needed to stimulate plant growth.

Saskatchewan

Seeding is nearing completion.

Most fall cereals are in the tillering to jointed stages, while most spring cereals are in the emerging to tillering stages.

Most pulse crops are emerging and in the vegetative stages, while flax is mostly in the pre-emergent or emerging crop stages. Canola and mustard are emerging or at the seedling stage.

South

Producers have seeded most of their crop despite wet field conditions in most regions. Some dry areas welcomed the moisture, but other areas may not complete seeding because of too much.

The Moosomin area received the most rainfall with 58 millimetres. The Coronach area has received the greatest amount of precipitation with 205 mm.

Topsoil moisture conditions are generally good. Hay land and pasture moisture is also very good.

Most crop damage is from flooding, frost, wind and insects. Weed growth is substantial in some areas.

Most crops are still behind normal development stages for this time of year and will need more warm weather to help them catch up.

Central

Warm weather has helped advance seeding to the point where it is almost completed.

Timely rainfall fell on much of the region and has helped germinate crops. The Tramping Lake area received the most with 48 mm. Since April 1, the Esterhazy area has had the greatest amount of precipitation with 125 mm.

Insects, frost, hail, wind and dry field conditions have damaged crops. There was localized flooding in western areas of the region that caused crop damage. Flea beetle and cutworm damage was reported for some canola crops.

In-crop spraying operations have started and additional warm weather and moisture are welcome.

North

Producers have almost completed seeding. Moisture was welcomed for emerging crops and most of the area received rainfall. The Kinistino area received the most with 93 mm. It also received the most with 99 mm since April 1. Topsoil moisture is good.

Localized flooding and hail has damaged some emerging crops. Some areas have suffered frost and insect damage from flea beetles, cutworms and grasshoppers. Spraying has started in most areas.

ALBErTA

Seeding is almost complete across the province. Recent rains have helped boost soil moisture, which is adequate in most areas.

Seeding canola, wheat and peas were completed in good time and farmers are now looking for warmer growing temperatures.

Growers are focusing on spraying weeds and scouting for pests.

With widespread acres of canola planted, volunteer canola is prevalent, reportedly the number one weed on the Prairies.

SOUTH

Growers in the region have completed seeding with good to excellent emergence reported. Over half the spraying is complete with low pressure from insects.

First cereals are in the five leaf stage. Frequent rain showers fell with a few localized hailstorms, however there was little damage to report.

Dairy producers have the first cutting of alfalfa taken off.

CENTRAL

Farmers have wrapped up seeding and are applying herbicides. Crop conditions are reported to be good to excellent. Cutworm problems continue.

Precipitation varies throughout the area.

Soil moisture is reported to be adequate in most areas with canola, pea and cereal crops emerging well.

NORTHWEST

Farmers have wrapped up seeding. Precipitation varies widelywith reports from 25 millimetresto 100 mm in the last week.

Grasshoppers have been reported in some areas.

Temperatures remain on the cooler side at 10-15 C.

Volunteer canola is reported as the main issue and volunteer cereals in canola is also seen as a problem.

NORTHEAST

Seeding is almost complete.

Reports of precipitation average 38 to 63 mm. Pockets of hail have been reported in some areas.

Spraying of peas is complete.

Wheat is about half done and canola spraying is just starting.

No major issues have been reported with crop emergence or insects.

Cool temperatures and windy conditions remain.

PEACE

Seeding is almost complete but a week of rain has saturated ground and hampered seeding activity.

Heavy precipitation was felt throughout the region with between 25 and 51 mm falling in most areas. As a result, soil moisture is very high with standing water in several areas.

Some localized hail was reported.

Canola varies from initial emergence to the three and four leaf stage. First pass herbicide has been done in most glyphosate tolerant crops. Cool temperatures are hampering further progress.

Cereals are in the three to five leaf stage. Heavy rainfall is preventing spraying. Emerging crops like barley are showing signs of water stress.

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