Crop Report for July 12, 2012

Manitoba

Southwest

A severe storm in early July dumped 25 to 100 millimetres of rain on the region, causing crop lodging and isolated hail and wind damage.

Some cereal and canola crops are suffering from excess moisture.

Sunflower crops are progressing well, thanks to temperatures near 30 C in late June and early July.

Haying is underway and producers are reporting average yields. Pastures are rated as good.

Central

A July 4 hailstorm levelled crops near Snowflake near the U.S. border. Twenty-five to 100 mm of rain fell during the storm, with the highest amounts south of Highway 3.

Winter wheat is progressing rapidly. The crop is in the soft dough stage and producers may soon apply pre-harvest glyphosate.

Soybeans are flowering and benefiting from the warm weather.

Most canola fields have been sprayed for sclerotinia. Producers have reported flower loss due to temperatures in the high 20s and low 30s.

Northwest

Excess moisture has drowned out patches of late seeded canola fields, which are progressing poorly. Overall, the canola crop is rated as average.

Cereal crops are doing better and have recovered from yellowing.

Flea beetle and cutworm pressure was high earlier in the season, but the insect threat is now diminished.

Haying operations are underway and yields are reported as average. Pasture conditions are improving.

Eastern

Spring wheat is in the heading to flowering stage and is transitioning to the milk stage. Fungicide applications for fusarium are basically complete.

Canola is flowering and most advanced crops are beginning to fill pods.

Certain corn crops are exhibiting heat stress from the high temperatures. Plant leaves are rolling to conserve moisture.

Overall, grain corn crop is in good condition.

Interlake

Warm and moist weather in early July has helped crops move rapidly through the development stages.

Soybeans are flowering and have recovered from iron chlorosis stress earlier in the growing season. With warm weather, producers hope soybean plants will grow taller. If so, it will allow pods to form higher on the plants and facilitate an easier harvest.

Alfalfa weevils are damaging hay crops. Some producers are reporting hay yields below average, particularly in the Rural Municipality of Armstrong.

SASKATCHEWAN

Crops in Saskatchewan are progressing nicely despite wild weather that affected much of the province again last week, including strong winds, hail, heavy thunderstorms and tornadoes in some parts of the province.

According to Saskatchewan Agriculture’s most recent crop report, the majority of crops are at their normal stages of development for this time of year.

As of July 2, 61 percent of fall cereals were in the heading stage and 61 percent of the spring cereals were in the jointed to shot-blade stage. About 50 percent of canola and mustard crops were in the rosette stage and 24 percent in the flowering stage. Pulse and flax were also progressing normally.

Saskatchewan livestock producers are making decent progress with haying and silage despite unsettled weather.

As of July 2, 12 percent of the hay crop had been cut, and baling was underway in many parts of the province.

Eighty-nine percent of the Saskatchewan hay crop was rated as good to excellent in quality.

Across the province, topsoil moisture on cropland was rated as 27 percent surplus, 72 percent adequate and one percent short. Some areas continued to struggle with excess soil moisture, which is stressing crops and hampering spraying operations.

SOUTH

Warm moist conditions helped advance crops, but many areas continued to experience wild weather. Strong winds affected the Moose Jaw, Grenfell, Indian Head, Moosomin and Vibank areas, causing damage to buildings and shelterbelts.

Pastures are in excellent condition and water for livestock on pasture is abundant in most areas. Cropland moisture is adequate, although surplus moisture in some areas is delaying spraying operations and causing crop damage.

Despite ample rainfall in most regions, lack of moisture in others is affecting crop development. Haying is in full swing with excellent yields and quality reported.

CENTRAL

Wet field conditions have delayed weed and disease control through much of central Saskatchewan. Crop conditions are variable, but warm weather is needed to advance crops.

Hay crops and pastures are rated as excellent. Moisture on pastures is ample to excessive in most areas. Cropland is wet.

Weather woes continued to plague crop development and caused significant damage to farmyards, buildings and shelterbelts. Damage to grain bins was common. Thunderstorms delivered heavy rain to many communities, including Goodeve, Ituna, Stockholm, Kamsack, Foam Lake, Macklin, Marengo, Perdue, Hanley, Outlook and Conquest.

NORTH

Many areas of Saskatchewan’s northern grainbelt received more rain in late June and early July, causing more crop damage and further affecting crop development. Soil conditions are wet in many regions and crops look poor, particularly canola in some parts of the northeast.

Producers need warm, sunny weather to dry fields and advance crops.

Soil moisture conditions in the northwest were generally more favourable with topsoil moisture on cropland rated as 13 percent surplus and 87 percent adequate as of July 2.

Hay crops throughout northern Saskatchewan were rated as 100 percent excellent. Pastures are also in excellent condition in most areas.

Many communities received heavy doses of rain between June 26 and July 2, including Codette (69 mm), Nipawin (50 mm), Kinistino (62 mm), Birch Hills (52 mm) and Prince Albert (65 mm). Haying and spraying operations are underway, but progress is hampered by wet conditions.

ALBERTA

SOUTH

Soil moisture is good throughout the region, although moisture is rated excessive in the Brooks-Taber areas, where crops are still recovering from a wide swath of hail in June.

All crops are rated as good to excellent. A period of warm, dry weather is needed because crop development is about a week behind.

Spring cereals are entering the flag leaf stage, most of the canola is flowering and winter cereals are in late head emergence. The first cut of dryland and irrigation hay has started, which is a significant delay from historical averages.

CENTRAL

Soil moisture is good throughout the region, with nearly all areas rated good to excellent.

Most counties are reporting excessive moisture, with the worst being the west portion of the area, which is reporting 10 to 20 percent excessive.

Crop condition ratings are exceptionally high. Spring cereals are in the early stem elongation stage, canola has started flowering and winter cereals are in early head emergence. Hot weather is needed to bring crops along.

Hay and pasture conditions are good to excellent.

Significant damage is still being assessed from hail and wind damage that was reported July 1-2 from Olds to Drumheller, including a tornado reported near Didsbury. This is peak hail season for this region and weather warnings have been issued almost every day.

NORTHEAST

Moisture conditions are a little drier in this region. Crop conditions are variable but remain very good, with most crops rating in the high good to excellent condition. Spring cereals are in the early stem elongation stage and canola is starting to flower.

Hay and pasture conditions have improved and haying has started.

NORTHWEST

Soil conditions are starting to decline because of dryness, although crops remain strong and healthy. Crop development is lagging with spring cereals in the early stem elongation stage and canola just approaching the rosette stage.

Hay and pasture is good to excellent but no haying is reported in the region.

PEACE

Soil moisture ratings have improved significantly and crops are considered good to excellent. Haying has just started and the return of hot, sunny weather will mean plenty of cutting and baling over the next week.

Most canola is heading into bloom. Heavy showers across most pockets of the Peace were welcome. Farmers worried expected hot weather will limit yield just as canola is heading into bloom.

Some fusarium infection has been found in peas. Some disease has been detected in winter wheat, but crops generally are looking good.

Spring seeded wheat and barley are heading into the flag leaf stage and taking advantage of rain and hot weather.

Some grasshoppers are appearing, but crops may stay ahead of the grasshoppers if good growth continues.

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