TFWP review urges end to four and four rule

A federal committee reviewing the Temporary Foreign Worker Program has made encouraging recommendations for Canada’s agriculture and agri-food sector.

The question now is whether the government will act on the committee’s report.

“There’s the million dollar question. Are they going to take these recommendations seriously or are they just going to say, you know what, we’re just going to leave it status quo,” said Mark Chambers, manager with Sunterra Farms, which operates hog farms in Ontario and Alberta.

“I believe they will do something, and especially for agriculture.”

The parliamentary standing committee on human resources, skills and social development and the status of persons with disabilities (HUMA) released its review of the TFW program Sept. 19. The committee made a number of suggestions to improve or amend the program, including:

•    Removal of what’s known as the four and four rule, where foreigners can work in Canada for only a cumulative four years but then must leave the country for four years before returning to Canada

•    That Employment and Social Development Canada re-establish the Temporary Foreign Worker Program into more specific program areas and streams for certain sectors of the economy


The Liberal government and the human resource committee began reviewing the program last spring. Complaints from business leaders, particularly representatives of the agri-food industry, prompted the review.

The former Conservative government amended the program in 2011 and 2014, introducing restrictions on the number of foreign workers that businesses could hire and limiting the amount of time that foreigners could remain in Canada.

Elimination of the four and four rule would be fantastic news for beekeepers and other employers in the agriculture sector.

Beekeepers have said the rule is ridiculous and damaging to the country’s honey industry. It can take years to train a foreign worker or for that person to become competent in English. Forcing someone to leave, after they’ve become a skilled employee, makes no sense.

“A lot of our beekeepers have staff of 10, 30 or 40 foreign workers. They (the employees) develop an expertise that makes the operation successful,” said Rod Scarlett, Canadian Honey Council executive director. “If they leave they can find employment in New Zealand or Australia, which is our competition (for honey production)…. It (the rule) allows us to train employees for our competition.”

In March, the Canadian Agricultural Human Resource Council (CAHRC) reported on the acute shortage of labour within primary agriculture, noting there’s a shortfall of nearly 60,000 workers. The labour gap, or lack of Canadians willing to work in agriculture jobs, is expected to reach 114,000 by 2025.


Chambers, co-chair of the Agri-Food Labour Task Force, a group of industry representatives, said agriculture needs a program distinct from the TFWP system because of the huge need for foreign employees in the sector.

“We’ve been focusing on agriculture (and) that it needs to be taken out of the Temporary Foreign Worker Program,” Chambers said. “A stand-alone program dedicated to agriculture and agri-food … they (the HUMA committee) kind of alluded to that through some of the recommendations.”

It’s unclear when, or if, the federal government will act on the committee’s report, but Chambers is hopeful that the feds will take the necessary steps to help Canadian farmers and agri-food processors.

“These are ag and agri-food jobs that people genuinely do not want,” he said. “Canadians don’t want to work in a meat plant and Canadians don’t want to work on a farm, or work with animals…. Our first pick is always Canadians, but when you can’t find someone to do (a job), you need a solid, sustainable program that … is efficient and you don’t have to wait six months to get an employee.”

The complete HUMA report can be found at



  • Ted Bunce

    Maybe agriculture should consider the way foreign workers are being treated before they call for more TFWs.
    The TVO documentary on foreign workers in greenhouses showed absolutely disgusting practices that farmers seem to be defending.

    • Harold

      The trouble with documentaries are that they are edited and show you only what the producer wishes you to see, which is not anywhere near personal contact. The foreign workers that I have spoken to, paint a very different picture. They enjoy foremost the very things that we take for granted daily. that is the sense of productivity and being housed and fed without their burden placed upon others.
      This is how they wish to be treated. Where many of the foreign workers come from, there are no jobs or futures or hand-outs, and their very hunger is a burden to their family. This is also within their desire to send extra money home.
      When they speak of abuse received on the farm, it is not in the perspective that we have. There will always be people who abuse people, but that is not the blanket of the many who do not. That being said, farmers who deliberately abuse foreign human beings, should be called-out, and made to stand before their own Communities – a correction that we are foreign workers towards.

  • Janet

    Which farm was it on? Was that revealed in the TVO documentary?
    The Seasonal Agriculture Worker Program and the Agriculture Stream have strict rules about housing, healthcare, wages, workers compensation that protect the workers’ rights. Strictly enforced by Govt. There are farm audits too. If someone breaking the rules the farmer is no longer allowed to participate in the program.