(Reuters) — Monsanto has received final U.S. approval for herbicide tolerant crops that will be used with a new herbicide the company says will fight problematic weed resistance.
The U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service said the genetically modified cotton and soybean plants are granted “non-regulated” status. Monsanto is still waiting for final approval from the Environmental Protection Agency for the herbicide it designed to be used with the crops.
As well, the company is still awaiting approval from Chinese regulators to allow imports of the new soybeans. China is a key buyer of U.S. soybeans, but the country has shown reluctance to approve imports of new GM crops.
Monsanto developed the new soybeans and cotton to resist a new herbicide that combines dicamba and glyphosate and which Monsanto is branding as components of the “Roundup Ready Xtend crop system.”
The new products are aimed at combatting the millions of acres of weeds that have grown resistant to Monsanto’s glyphosate-based Roundup, which has been used extensively on the company’s GM corn, soybeans and cotton varieties.
Monsanto’s Xtend system has drawn intense opposition from many consumer, environmental and farmer groups, who say using more herbicides on weeds will only increase weed resistance over the long term. Increased herbicide use also brings increased risks of health problems and environmental pollution, they say.
“The pesticide treadmill spins on, and that’s great news for Monsanto,” said Gary Ruskin, executive director of U.S. Right to Know, a food issue research group.
Projections made by the USDA and Monsanto indicate that the new Xtend system will increase dicamba use in cotton by 14 times current levels. As well, use in soybeans is expected to surge by up to 500 times current levels.
The Pesticide Action Network said this will increase pesticide exposure risk to farm families.
As well, fruit, nut and vegetable growers who argued against approval say dicamba drifts easily and will damage their farm fields.
Monsanto has said it is teaching growers about proper herbicide use to reduce drift.