Crop Report

Manitoba

SOUTHWEST

Scattered showers resulted in 10-15 millmetres of precipitation. Average to above average temperatures helped crop progress.

Mid-May seeded cereal crops are running out of moisture and are beginning to turn. Fusarium head blight in winter wheat is at moderate to high levels. The presence of take-all root rot is complicating the identification of fusarium head blight.

Earlier seeded canola is done flowering and is shorter than normal because of excess moisture. Brown girdling root rot is the major disease affecting canola.

Soybeans are looking good and are at pod formation. Field peas affected by root rot are quickly maturing.

Most haying is 75 to 80 percent complete. Crop quality is above average with overall yields at 75 to 80 percent normal. There will also be sufficient growth of alfalfa for a second cut.

NORTHWEST

Warm temperatures help crops improve, however development lags about two weeks behind normal.

Rainfall ranged from trace amounts to more than 63 mm. Some areas reported lodged wheat crops and hail. Most of the cereal crop is at heading-flowering stages and most canola is flowering. Soybeans and field peas have podded.

Fungicide applications are near completion and weed control is adequate.

First cut tame hay is almost complete while native hay is delayed near the lakes. Cereal silage will soon be harvested.

CENTRAL

Crops look good, however rain would be welcome in most areas.

Crops are maturing and turning colour in areas of low moisture or shallow root systems. Irrigation continues on potatoes.

Harvest of winter wheat has begun and yields are in the mid 60 bu. per acre with fusarium damaged kernels at moderate to high levels.

Early seeded cereals are turning colour. Canola ranges from full flower to full pod. Most soybeans are flowering. Most dry beans have flowered. Corn varies from early tassel to silking.

Fungicide applications will soon begin for prevention of head rot in sunflowers.

Wild oats, green foxtail, barnyard grass and volunteer canola can be seen in many fields.

Symptoms of fusarium head blight infection are evident in winter wheat and less in spring wheat. Blackleg lesions are on leaves in many canola fields along with brown girdling root rot.

Some leaf spotting is evident in soybeans and bacterial blight has been found in edible bean fields. Insect infestations are low, however there are reports of thrips feeding on canola in the some western areas.

EASTERN

All crops continue to improve as favourable growing conditions continue. The areas received light precipitation ranging from two to four millimetres.

Herbicide and fungicide spraying is complete. Insect pressure remains low, although there are reports of some infestations approaching the level where insecticide spraying is warranted. Root rot induced wilts in soybeans has been reported.

Most hay has been harvested.

INTERLAKE

Crops are generally doing well with improved growing conditions. Precipitation was two to five millimetres, however isolated thunderstorms produced 25 mm.

Farmers are close to swathing or have already desiccated winter wheat. Spring cereals are in the milk or soft dough stages. Canola has mostly podded. Corn fields are tasseling, sunflowers are flowering and soybeans podding.

Harvest of forage grass seed continues. Leaf cutter bee nests are full and being removed. Alfalfa seed production is looking good.

Lake levels continue to rise and flood more hay land and pastures in the vicinity. Except for these areas, good hay yields and quality are reported.

Saskatchewan

SOUTH

Wet, humid conditions have not stopped haying with about 80 percent of the crop baled or put into silage. About 10 percent is ready for baling. Approximately three-quarters of the crop is rated as good.

Precipitation ranged from trace amounts to 54 millimetres in the Bengough area. The Moosomin area leads the province, having received 612 mm since April 1.

Crops are quickly advancing, however more rain is needed to help later seeded crops fill and recover from the heat. Most are in the podding or filling stages and development remains behind normal.

Damage to crops was caused by strong winds, heavy rain and large hail. Some producers are spraying for grasshoppers.

About three-quarters of topsoil moisture on cropland and hayland is rated adequate. More than half of the pastures are rated in good condition.

CENTRAL

Rain and high humidity are slowing swath drying. About 70 percent of the hay crop has been baled or put into silage with 15 percent is ready to bale. About three-quarters of the crop rated as good. Most are behind normal development stages.

Rain varied from trace amounts to 70 mm for the Kamsack and Major areas. The Rhein area has had the most rainfall since April 1 with 554 mm.

Most crop damage was caused by strong winds and heavy rain and hail. Some of the hail damaged fields are being cut for feed.

Some spraying continues for leaf spot diseases and grasshoppers.

Topsoil moisture on cropland and hayland average about 85 percent adequate. Pasture conditions are rated about 65 percent good.

NORTH

Haying has generally been slowed down by wet conditions and high humidity. About three-quarters of the crop is baled or in silage. Approximately 10 percent is ready to bale.

Hay quality is declining and about 80 percent is rated as good.

Crops are generally looking good but large amounts of rain have lodged and damaged crops in some areas.

Rainfall amounts varied from 20 mm to about 75 mm in the Meadow Lake area.

The North Battleford area has received 446 mm of cumulative rain since April 1.

Topsoil moisture on cropland, hayland and pastures are all rated at more than 90 percent adequate. Pasture conditions are rated as 75 percent good.

Alberta

SOUTH

Hot, dry conditions prevail. The area experienced scattered rain showers with reports of golf-ball-sized hail that destroyed some crops.

There are reports of heat causing stress in canola. Heat has also reduced hay and pasture ratings by 10 percent with more than half now rated good to excellent.

The pea harvest has begun and swathing has started on winter wheat and early mustard.

Lygus numbers are reported as high in several canola fields, which requires insecticide treatment.

CENTRAL

Precipitation has been extremely variable and ranged from trace amounts to pockets of more than 150 millimetres.

Hailstorms have dotted the land causing damage.

Crop conditions are slightly improved but remain about 10 percent below the five year 
average. Hay and pasture ratings 
are marginally improved with over half rated good or excellent.

Soil moisture conditions remain adequate. Lygus bug numbers are on the increase with spraying to begin soon.

NORTHEAST

The weather has been hot and humid with large lightning storms, spotty showers and some hail.

A high percentage of crops are in good or excellent condition. Peas, early barley and wheat are turning. Canola has flowered but is still green.

There are reports of lygus bug populations nearing the economic threshold to warrant spraying.

Soil moisture ratings are good to excellent for most areas.

Soil moisture is adequate to finish the crop if the heat is not excessive.

Most hay is cut and baled.

Hay and pasture ratings went down by 15 percent, however most remain good or excellent.

NORTHWEST

Temperatures hovered in the mid to high 20s C. There were reports that the heat shortened the canola bloom period.

Most crops declined slightly in quality and are rated good or excellent. More than half of hay and pastures are good or excellent.

PEACE

Hot and dry weather helped crops progress but condition ratings continue to decline.

Producers are desiccating field peas and wheat and harvest of early field peas will soon begin.

Less than half of hay and pastures are rated good to excellent.

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