Crop Report – July 31, 2014

MANITOBA


Warmer temperatures and minimal rainfall advanced crops and allowed those affected by excessive moisture to further recover.


There are reports of brown girdling root rot and blackleg lesions in canola, brown spot disease and bacterial leaf blight in soybeans, and fusarium head blight in winter wheat.


Southwest


The region received minimal precipitation with some areas receiving less than five millimetres. Crop conditions continue to improve.


Canola fields that struggled with excess moisture could use precipitation to help soften compacted soil. Some fields are also suffering from brown girdling root rot and are pinching off at the soil level.


Early soybeans are flowering and showing good recovery from the iron chlorosis deficiency symptoms. 


Wheat fields are being monitored for wheat midge. Fungicide applications have wrapped up in many early seeded cereal fields. 


Northwest


Crops are rated from very poor to excellent depending on location. 


Rainfall amounts last week were negligible. 


Excessive moisture earlier in the season resulted in loss of crop in low spots, significant crop yellowing and crop stunting. 


Approximately 65 percent of the cereal crop is at the heading and flowering stage, 70 percent of the canola crop is flowering and the remainder is in the rosette stage.


Fifty percent of the soybeans are in the vegetative stage of growth and the remaining 50 percent are flowering. 


Most field peas are blooming with some pod development beginning.


There are reports of cabbage maggot activity in canola fields in the Swan Valley. 


Bertha armyworm monitoring traps continue to show low moth numbers throughout the region.


Haying conditions improved significantly. Dugouts are full.


Central 


Cooler temperatures switched quickly to hot and humid conditions allowing for rapid advancement. 


Crops in general benefitted from a break in the rain. A few areas with lighter soil need precipitation, and irrigation is being applied to potatoes on light textured soils.


Broadleaf crops are showing excess moisture stress, although cereal crops are also affected. 


In general, early seeded crops are faring better than late seeded crops.


Eastern 


Rainfall was two to 13 mm. Crops responded favourably to heat and minimal rainfall. Waterlogged spots are starting to dry up. 


Earlier seeded crops are doing better than the later seeded crops. 


Soybeans, corn and sunflower crops are showing rapid growth as temperatures increased. 


Winter wheat continues to deteriorate as dead areas in fields become apparent. Some fields show high levels of fusarium head blight.


There are reports of spraying for diamondback moth larvae in canola. However, the overall levels of insects are lower than expected in the northern part of the region.


Interlake 


High winds and hail resulted in some crop damage in the southern Interlake area. Warm temperatures improved crops, hay and pastures.


Most spring cereal crops have headed, while canola has flowered and podding is occurring. Flax and soybeans are flowering. Corn is improving with the heat. Winter wheat is starting to turn colour.


Insect pressure has fallen significantly. Leafcutter bees are pollinating alfalfa seed fields with the warm temperatures.


Saskatchewan


South


Warm weather is helping advance crops in the southeast, but many areas need rain to help crops mature and fill. Rainfall varied across the region, ranging from trace amounts to 37 mm in the Moose Jaw area.


The Moosomin area has received 600 mm of rain since April 1, the highest amount in the province.


Flooding, wind, hail and drought have caused crop damage in the southeast. Producers are spraying for insects such as wheat midge and grasshoppers, and for diseases such as fusarium head blight, sclerotinia and leaf spots.


In the southwest, heat has helped crops advance. Rainfall ranged from trace amounts to 37 mm in the Cabri area. Since April 1, the Cadillac area has received 385 mm of rain.


Topsoil moisture conditions are deteriorating in the southwest, particularly the Maple Creek area, as well as areas near the Alberta and U.S. borders. Hayland and pasture topsoil moisture is rated as 60 percent adequate, 28 percent short and 12 percent very short. 


Central


Crops continue to recover from flooding in the east-central region. 


Other fields in the area require rain to help remaining crops mature and fill. Rainfall ranged from trace amounts to 30 mm in the Saskatoon area. The Foam Lake area has received the most rainfall since 
April 1 at 506 mm.


Storms moved through west-central areas, bringing high winds, baseball-sized hail and heavy rain causing extensive damage. 


Some areas received large amounts of rain within a couple of hours with the Biggar area receiving 82 mm. The Rosetown area has received 313 mm of rain since April 1, the most in the region. Topsoil moisture conditions on cropland are rated as 15 percent surplus, 79 percent adequate and six percent short.


About 40 percent of the hay crop is baled or put into silage, with an additional 30 percent cut and ready for baling. Hay quality is rated at about 10 percent excellent, 85 percent good and about 10 percent fair.


North


Some areas of the northeast received heavy rain, which flooded fields and damaged crops. 


The Nipawin area reports receiving 84 mm of rain in one day. The Arbor field area has received 345 mm of rain since April 1. 


Topsoil moisture conditions are rated as 40 percent surplus and 60 percent adequate on cropland. Hayland and pasture topsoil moisture is rated as 67 percent surplus and 33 percent adequate. 


Crops are advancing quickly in the region, although wind and localized flooding have caused damage.


Producers are spraying for grasshoppers, wheat midge and diseases such as sclerotinia and leaf spot in later-seeded crops.


Rain helped crops advance in the northwest, but it is slowing haying. The Neilburg area is reporting 38 mm of rain, while the Hafford area reports 377 mm of rain since April 1, the greatest amount in the region.


Cropland topsoil moisture conditions are rated as three percent surplus, 93 percent adequate and four percent short, while hayland and pasture topsoil moisture conditions are rated as one percent surplus, 95 percent adequate and four percent short.  


ALBERTA


SOUTH 


Early cereal varieties are ripening and crops appear to be average to above average. 


Farmers are urged to check their fields for stripe rust. 


Corn and sugar beets are faring well and potatoes are in full blossom. 


Irrigation pivots are going steady because of the hot weather. 


Haying is well underway with some producers irrigating for their second cut.


CENTRAL


Hot, dry weather has taken its toll on canola yields. Most canola is finished flowering and starting to pod. It will be a struggle for some fields to achieve average yields. 


Cereal crops are looking good and have not suffered from the heat like canola. 


Pea crops are almost finished flowering and well into podding.


Scattered showers have hampered some haying, but generally hay was put up in good condition.


NORTHEAST


Heat and a lack of moisture have taken its toll on canola crops. 


Scattered showers may have helped with yield in some areas. Hail along the Saskatchewan border wiped out crops near Chauvin. All crops could use rain. 


Haying is well underway. Good early season moisture has produced heavy yielding hay.


NORTHWEST


Showers helped crops that were being stressed by heat and lack of moisture. Rain was not widespread. 


Canola finished blooming in most areas and is beginning to pod.


Some early seeded barley crops are beginning to turn colour.


Haying is well underway with 
good yields.


PEACE


Rain finally arrived in parts of the region, but it is likely too late to save most crops. Some estimate that yields will be 80 percent less than last year. 


All crops are suffering, and hay and pasture yields are also reduced. 


Some pockets of the Peace, including areas north of Peace River, received enough rain that some crops may yield well.

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