Crop report – July 10, 2014

Manitoba


SOUTHWEST


Crop damage and loss is expected because of flooding and saturated soils. Accumulations of precipitation ranged from 60 to 150 millimetres.


Cattle are looking for high ground and native hay is flooded. The height of this year’s first cut of alfalfa is abut three quarters normal due to cool growing conditions.


Many crops are behind normal development for this time of year. Cereals are at the penultimate leaf stage. 


Canola has started to bolt and winter wheat is in the boot to flag leaf stage. About three quarters of the fall rye crop is headed. Some varieties of soybeans are showing iron deficiency chlorosis symptoms.


Flea beetles and cutworm feeding are on the decline.


NORTHWEST


All areas are reporting saturated soils, ponding and flooding in many fields after rain ranging from 25 to 125 mm. Several river banks have spill over.


Many crops, even on well-drained fields are showing moisture stress like stunting and yellowing. Controlling weeds is an issue because of wet fields.


The substantial rainfall also flooded many pastures and forage fields. There was little haying progress other than some silage harvesting. The alfalfa harvest is expected to have lowered feed quality due to excessive moisture.


Most cereal crops are at the seeding and tillering stage. About half of canola is either at the seeding or rosette stage. Most soybeans are in the vegetative stage as are field peas. About three quarters of grain corn is in the V1 to V5 stage of growth.


CENTRAL


Temperatures below normal and wet conditions have combined to slow crop development, spraying activity and the hay harvest. The area received 30 to 75 mm of rain mostly over a few days. Many fields are saturated and standing water is prevalent. 


Drains and creeks are running full with many overflowing their banks. Cereal crops have been lodged by high winds.


Most advanced spring cereals are in the early head emergence while winter wheat is at full head emergence. 


Most canola is in the rosette to bolting stage, with many starting to flower. Most soybeans are in the second to third trifoliate stages. Many crops are showing signs of iron chlorosis deficiency. 


Edible beans vary from emerging to the sixth trifoliate stage. Corn is from four to 10 leafs and peas are up to 10 nodes. 


Sunflowers range from four to 10 leaf stages.


Weed control is an issue and rutting is evident in the wettest fields. Some applications are being completed by air and many
fields have not had herbicide treatments. Many acres receiving fungicide treatments will need to 
be completed by air.


Pressure from insects has generally remained low. However, some areas have high numbers of grasshoppers.


EASTERN


Total rainfall varied from 15 to 75 mm. Below normal temperatures and excess moisture are slowing crops. Soybeans, corn and sunflowers are yellowing.


Saturated soils are also affecting most canola and spring cereals, with yellowing, stunted growth and dead plants reported. Winter wheat and established forage crops are fairing better but all crops need drier conditions.


Some herbicide spraying progress was made including aerial applications of fungicides on winter wheat.


Most first cut of alfalfa has been preserved as silage. 


Pastures are generally wet with standing water evident in some places.


INTERLAKE


Precipitation generally ranged from 50 to 102 mm however, some areas received as much as 152 mm. Wind speeds were as high as 80 km/h.


Drainage ditches are overflowing, causing flooding in fields and water to pour over roads. Crops are yellowing as more fields become saturated.


Winter wheat is heading out and many canola crops are bolting.


Wet fields are making it difficult to spray for fusarium headblight.


Bee release has stopped for alfalfa seed production. 


Many producers are cooling bees to delay release.


Hay yields are below normal, averaging 1.5 to 2 tons per acre. 


Saskatchewan 


SOUTH


The Moosomin area was the wettest spot in the province with as much as 260 mm reported in just a few days. The eastern area has recorded the greatest amount of precipitation in the province since April 1 with up to 520 mm. 


Other areas received amounts from 57 mm to more than 150 mm.


Cropland topsoil moisture conditions have deteriorated quickly in the southeast and a third of it is now rated adequate. 


This is in contrast to the southwest with over three quarters rated as adequate. 


About one third of hay land and pastures in the east is rated as adequate while more than 80 percent is rated adequate in the west.


Many crops sit in water and loss is likely to occur, particularly in low spots. Other damage includes cutworms and root rot. Alfalfa weevils are in some stands.


Producers who are able to get on their land have resumed spraying. Aerial herbicide applications are underway. 


CENTRAL


Precipitation ranged from small amounts up to 191mm. The eastern area has experienced flooding of fields, yards and homes. 


Topsoil moisture conditions vary widely on cropland with less than 20 percent rated as adequate in the east and more than 80 percent rated as adequate for the west. 


Less than one third of hay land and pasture topsoil moisture is rated in adequate condition while more than 90 percent is rated adequate in western areas.


The majority of crops are behind their normal stages of development and suffering from excess 
moisture.


In-crop spraying will continue if possible with many producers increasingly moving to aerial applications.


Besides excess moisture, cutworms, leaf disease and root rot have caused the most damage. 


Fungicide is being applied to 
early seeded crops while other 
crops are having topdressing of fertilizer.


NORTH


Like much of the province, the North has received significant moisture, which has delayed fieldwork and crop development. 


Precipitation ranged from 39 to 91 mm. Many areas flooded with washed out roads and yards. Fields have standing water and crops are yellowing.


Topsoil moisture conditions on cropland vary widely. In the east it is rated 20 percent adequate and more than 80 percent in the west. Hay and pasture land is 15 percent adequate in the east and close to 100 percent in the west.


Besides flooding and some wind, other crop damage was caused by cutworms. 


Controlling weeds will continue as fields dry out.


Alberta


SOUTH


The area received light to moderate precipitation. Most crops are reported in good to excellent condition.


Spring cereals on average are in the early flag leaf stage while canola is flowering.


Sub soil moisture has improved and more than 80 percent is rated good to excellent.


The first cut of dryland and irrigated hay has begun.


CENTRAL


Precipitation has significantly improved crop development. More than three-quarters of crops are rated in good to excellent condition.


Spring cereal development is in the early to mid stem elongation stage and canola has started flowering.


Sub soil moisture has improved with more than 80 percent rated good to excellent.


The first cutting of dryland hay has begun.


NORTHEAST


Soils were saturated after heavy rains. Ten percent of the area list excess topsoil moisture, while most sub-surface moisture is excellent. Most crops are in good to excellent condition.


Spring cereals are in the early to mid stem elongation stage, while more than five percent of canola is flowering.


NORTHWEST


Showers helped maintain high topsoil and sub soil moisture ratings. Almost all crops are in excellent 
condition mostly due to improvements in canola development.


Haying has started.


PEACE


There were varying amounts of precipitation reported, however more moisture is needed. Subsoil moisture has deteriorated but most is rated good to excellent.


Well over half of all crops are rated in good to excellent condition.


Spring cereals are in the early flag leaf stage. Less than 10 percent of canola is flowering and more than half remains in the four to six leaf stage.


Haying operations have begun with less than five percent complete.