Crop Report

Manitoba

SOUTHWEST

On average, seeding is about half finished, however, in some areas, fewer than one quarter are complete because of excessive moisture. Some producers are reducing the number of soybean and corn acres while others have broadcast seeded canola.

Crops are quickly emerging, but some early seeded fields have compaction issues. Winter wheat and fall rye are generally in the three- to four-leaf stage.

Rainfall varied from 10 to 60 millimetres with reports of hail damage in the Melita area. Some areas have seen flea beetles feeding on volunteer canola but overall insect activity is minimal.

Most cattle have been moved to pasture.

NORTHWEST

About half of the intended crop is seeded and most progress was made in the Ste. Rose, Roblin and Swan Valley areas while The Pas saw little activity.

Rainfall varied from trace amounts in the Roblin area to more than 100 mm in the Swan Valley area. It brought seeding activity to a standstill for most parts.

Crop emergence remains slow on average, but perennial and annual weed growth, as well as volunteer crop growth has increased.

Warm weather and plenty of moisture spurred alfalfa growth, however many pastures are waterlogged. Cattle continue to be moved with some supplemental feeding continuing.

CENTRAL

Precipitation amounts was wide, ranging from five mm to more than 50 mm, however ideal temperatures and wind allowed many producers to complete seeding. The last of the soybeans, edible beans, cereals, canola and sunflowers are being planted.

Many cereals are in the four leaf stage; canola is generally in the three leaf stage and soybeans are germinating.

Herbicide applications are going on with grass and broadleaf products applied for winter wheat, volunteer crops and germinating weeds.

There’s evidence of flea beetle activity requiring treatment. Diamondback moths are also being found in traps, but overall numbers remain low.

Hay and pasture growth is excellent, however pasture conditions vary as a result of excess moisture.

EASTERN

Seeding averages three quarters complete. Rainfall during the middle of last week ranged from trace amounts to 12 mm.

Pre and post emergent herbicide applications for canola, corn, and some cereal crops are ongoing.

About half of the planted cereals have emerged and less than half of planted corn acres. Canola, soybeans and sunflowers are beginning to emerge. Winter wheat is overall in excellent shape.

Warm and sunny weather for the most part has greatly increased hay and pasture growth. The majority of cattle has been pastured, however supplemental feeding continues for some.

INTERLAKE

The region has almost completed seeding. The majority of the area reported two to nine mm of rain except the Moosehorn area, which received 28 mm over two days.

Emergence of cereals and oilseeds has been good while soybeans and corn have just started.

Weed control is underway for winter wheat and perennial forages in the south Interlake area.

More animals are being released to pastures as growth improves.

Saskatchewan

SOUTH

Most areas received large amounts of rain. The Radville area recorded the highest amounts with 71 millimetres. Storms brought high winds, hail and flooding. There are reports of damaged buildings and washed out roads.

Despite the wet conditions, producers made good seeding progress and are ahead of the five year averages. Rain helped crop development, while others areas are dealing with wet field conditions.

It’s projected that many producers will complete their seeding this week.

About three quarters of the cropland, hay land and pasture topsoil moisture conditions is rated adequate. However, there are reports that crop, pasture and hay development has stalled in some western areas due to lack of moisture. Some ranchers are concerned about potential feed shortages if rain does not come soon.

Although the emerged crops are mostly in good condition, development is delayed and weeds are emerging. In-crop herbicide applications are underway with some producers spraying for flea beetles in canola crops.

CENTRAL

Seeding has advanced and many west-central producers are wrapping it up. However, wet field conditions prevail in eastern areas and there are concerns some land will not be seeded. On the other hand, many producers on the western side could use rain to encourage crop development.

Rainfall ranged from trace amounts to 76 mm in the Bethune area. It delayed seeding progress and pest control applications.

Almost all cropland, hay land and pasture topsoil moisture conditions are rated as adequate.

Emerged crops are in good shape but are delayed in several areas. Producers are spraying for flea beetles in early seeded canola. Crop damage is mainly due to excess moisture, high winds and localized hail and light frost.

NORTH

Despite rainy weather in several areas, overall producers made significant seeding progress. Many producers in the northwestern area will be done seeding this week, however some will be delayed due to wet field conditions.

The Rapid View area received the most rainfall with 44 mm while others received zero precipitation.

Cropland, hay land and pasture topsoil moisture is rated adequate.

The flea beetle population has risen enough to warrant spraying and farmers are busy controlling weeds.

Localized flooding and wind caused the most crop damage, but emerged crops are generally in good condition but delayed in development.

Alberta

SOUTH

Light, isolated showers combined with warm weather has helped complete seeding. Well over half of all crops have emerged and in good shape.

Spring cereals are at the two- to four-leaf stage and about one-third of canola is in the one- to three-leaf stage.

About 80 percent of the surface soil moisture on cropland, hay land and pastures has declined from last week but most areas are rated good or excellent. Sub-surface moisture also declined but remains good to excellent.

Insect infestations have not become a major issue to date. Crop spraying is underway.

CENTRAL

Seeding is essentially complete with about four percent of acres that may go unseeded due to excessive moisture.

Between 25-50 millimetres of rain fell, particularly in the region’s western portion.

Just over half the crops have emerged. Spring cereals are in the two- to three-leaf stage and about one-third of canola is in the one to three leaf stage.

While declining from last week, over three-quarters of topsoil moisture conditions on cropland, hay land and pastures are rated good to excellent. Sub-surface moisture also declined but most remains good to excellent.

NORTHEAST

Seeding is almost complete but some parts of the region received up to 50 mm of rain. About 10 percent of farm acres have excessive moisture and an estimated two percent will go unseeded.

Well over half the crops have emerged. All spring cereals are at the two leaf stage and one-third of the canola crop is at the one- to three-leaf stage.

Well over 80 percent of the sub-surface and surface soil moisture for cropland, hay land and pastures are rated good to excellent.

NORTHWEST

Seeding was slowed by precipitation that ranged from 25-50 mm but improved growth on hay land and pastures. About two percent of acres will go unseeded due to excessive moisture.

Most spring cereals have emerged to the two leaf stage and more than a third of canola is in the one- to three leaf stage.

About ninety percent of the sub-surface and topsoil moisture for cropland, hay land and pastures are rated good or excellent.

PEACE

Seeding progress was excellent and almost completed. Isolated light showers fell and only an estimated one percent of acres will go unseeded due to excess moisture.

Emerging spring cereals are in the two leaf stage while about one quarter of canola is at the one- to three leaf stage.

About 80 percent of the sub-surface and surface soil moisture conditions for cropland, hay land and pastures are rated good to excellent.