Crop report

MANITOBA

Southwest

Sporadic rain and storms hit the region in the latter half of July, with precipitation amounts ranging from 15 to 40 millimetres. More precipitation in early August is needed to aid grain filling and for pasture re-growth.

Aster yellows is present in canola and in flax crops at levels higher than normal.

Most flax has finished flowering and conditions are rated as good.

Earlier cut alfalfa is almost ready for second cut. Hay yields are average to below average.

Northwest

Rainfall ranging from 25 to 100 mm, in late July, has caused water ponding on numerous fields. Excess moisture will hinder crop yields around Swan River and Ethelbert.

Hemp crop is flowering or into seed development stage. Haying of first cut is nearly complete and most of the crop is baled or silaged.

Hay crop quality has deteriorated. Quantity is average or below average.

Central

Winter wheat harvest is nearly complete. Yields range from 70 to 100 bushels per acre. Quality is good to excellent. Disease level is low and protein higher than normal. In some crops, protein is 13 percent.

Temperatures around 30 C for most of July increased water demand for potato crops. During the peak of the heat wave, growers had to apply 40 mm of irrigated water per week.

Lygus bugs continue to pressure sunflower crops. Sclerotinia isn’t an issue this year for sunflower growers and yields look promising.

Eastern

Below average rainfall in July hammered pastures, hay crops and water levels. Hay production estimated at 60 percent of normal and dugouts are well below typical summer levels.

Annual crops rated as average to good, yet crops are showing signs of heat stress, such as leaf rolling and incomplete seed development.

Soybean crops look promising but rainfall is needed to increase yields.

Interlake

Swathing of early seeded canola is ongoing. Most of the crop should be swathed by the middle of August.

Armyworms have damaged cereal crops in the region. Armyworm pressure forced many growers to spray for the insect in July.

Soybeans are progressing nicely, thanks to warm weather and adequate soil moisture.

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Scattered showers and intense thunderstorms have delayed hay harvest. Hay yields on older stands are significantly below average.

Saskatchewan

SOUTH

Warm weather has advanced crops and producers have started harvesting winter wheat.

Others in the southwest are expected to soon start work on pulse crops. Later-seeded crops are showing signs of crop stress in the southeast, but most are in good condition.

Topsoil moisture for that area is rated as 69 percent adequate. Heat stress is a concern in some areas in the southwest with most of the region receiving little rainfall. The Rush Lake area, at 32 millimetres, received the most rainfall in the region for the period.

Topsoil moisture for the southwest is rated as 53 percent adequate.

Livestock producers across southern Saskatchewan have close to 90 percent of the hay crop cut.

CENTRAL

While many eastern crops are behind in development due to excess springtime moisture, producers are applying fungicides, with reports of growers spraying for wheat midge, sclerotinia and, on later seeded crops, cereal leaf diseases.

Cropland topsoil moisture for the area is rated as 84 percent adequate. In the west, there have been reports of fields sprayed for fusarium head blight, sclerotinia, anthracnose and wheat midge.

Rains in the region have lodged some crops with other damage from localized flooding, hail, wind, disease and insects.

Livestock producers continue to make progress haying with 75 percent cut in the east. Less is complete in the west, where there is concern about quality and high humidity continues to be problematic.

NORTH

Some parts of northeastern Saskatchewan saw heavy rains over the period, topping 100 mm in some communities, while a tornado flattened some crops after touching down near Smeaton. There have been reports of northeastern seed alfalfa, pea and canaryseed fields being sprayed for aphids, while some canola fields have received fungicide applications for sclerotinia.

In the Nipawin area, canola and cereal fields will soon be sprayed for armyworms.

Topsoil moisture in the northeast is rated at 76 percent adequate and slightly better in the northwest, where warm weather has advanced crops. Producers in that area have seen severe aster yellows in some canola crops and many cereal fields have been sprayed for tan spot and net blotch. Livestock producers across the north continue haying, although there are concerns about quality due to excess moisture in some northwestern areas.

ALBERTA

SOUTH

A severe storm with baseball-sized hail pulverized the Cardston area July 26 damaging vehicles, buildings and crops. The extent of the storm is still being assessed.

All crops are in exceptional condition but some lodging is reported in cereals due to plenty of moisture and better than average growing conditions. Most crops appear to be staying ahead of disease and insect pests.

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Winter wheat should be ready for harvest within a couple of weeks. Some very early seeded barley is ready for harvest.

Silaging is ongoing. Hay crops have been slow to cure after cutting due to high humidity and regular showers.

CENTRAL

Crops are in excellent shape across the region. Some lodging in cereals due to heavy growth.

Haying is underway but progress in some areas has been slow due to higher than normal humidity slowing down cutting and curing. Pastures are in fine shape.

There are some reports of hail in the eastern regions north of Coronation to Czar with as much as 60 percent damage.

Canola is in bloom and some pods are starting to form.

NORTHEAST

Crops look fantastic with canola in full bloom.

Haying has started and pastures are thriving. However, random showers have slowed down haying but good yields are expected.

Heavy moth infestations earlier will encourage scouting for bertha armyworms later in the season throughout the region.

NORTHWEST

Heavy rainfall from Barrhead-Mayerthorpe-Drayton Valley was reported early in the week where between 50-150 mm fell in a two day period. Some flooding reported in the Barrhead region where crops are under water near rivers.

Overall crops are in excellent condition. Haying has started and pastures have improved due to recent precipitation.

Some club root was discovered in canola in the Barrhead region. About 200-300 fields must be checked after harvest but random spotting discovered the infection in 17 fields.

PEACE

Rain has been sporadic where some regions are doing well while others could use some added moisture.

Crops were late going in but appeared to have caught up and look good. Canola finished blooming and could use rain. Little or no insect problems to report.

Silaging and haying underway with some operations finished. Hay yields are good, producing two to three large bales per acre. However no tests have been run on quality. Rain would be appreciated to encourage regrowth. Pastures are looking good with lots of green grass.

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